Planktonic & Particulate Food Suspension

 Planktonic & Particulate Food Suspension Products In Store: (See in depth descriptions and instructions of each  below)

Phytogold-M

Zooplanktos-M

Zooplanktos-S

Macrovore

Microvore

Reef Snow

Phytogold-M:4 – 10µm Phytoplankton Suspension for Soft Corals, Clams, Sponges, and Other Filter-Feeders 

(250ml; 500ml)

Overview

  • Provides phytoplankton ranging in size from 8 – 20µm.
  • Ideally-sized for many soft corals, clams, sponges, tunicates, tube worms, and larval invertebrates.
  • Formulated to provide over 50-million phytoplankton cells per ml.
  • Does not require refrigeration.
  • Supplemented with a proprietary amino acid to aid in coloration of invertebrates.
  • Formulated by a marine scientist. 

Technical Background

Brightwell Aquatics PhytōGold-M is a concentrated suspension of Thalassiosira sp., a unicellular marine algae ranging in size from 5 – 20µm and having a diverse nutritional profile; it is rich in the omega-3 fatty acids ARA and DHA, as well as in several important amino acids. Thalassiosira falls within the size class of plankton known as nanoplankton (2.0 – 20.0µm), which is sometimes considered microplankton. It is the proper size for feeding many species of soft corals (particularly those with short tentacles), as well as clams and other bivalves, sponges, tunicates (sea squirts), plumed worms (Christmas tree worms, feather dusters, etc.), bryozoans, larval invertebrates such as those of many crustaceans and bivalves, and juvenile fishes.
Though Thalassiosira provides a number of amino acids, one that is not naturally present has been added to PhytōGold-M; this proprietary amino acid has been shown in studies to increase coloration of corals and other marine invertebrates. Additionally, a small percentage of vitamin-C is present to increase the benefits of PhytōGold-M, particularly to corals and their allies that have recently undergone fragmenting or propagation.
PhytōGold-M may be used in conjunction with other planktonic suspensions to provide a complete range of sizes to filter-feeding and planktivorous organisms.
PhytōGold-M does not require refrigeration, however storage in a cool, shaded area will prolong the activity of the vitamins. Refrigeration will maximize the shelf-life of the product. 

Instructions and Guidelines

Shake product well before using. Turn protein skimmer and other forms of mechanical filtration off prior to adding food suspensions to aquaria, and allow 10 – 15 minutes after feeding before resuming operation of filtration.
Target Feeding (recommended): Target feeding may be carried out with a lengthy piece of rigid air tubing, plastic syringe, pipette, dropper, or similar device; pour 5 ml (1 capful) into a small container and suck a portion of this into the feeding device, then slowly discharge the contents of the device 2 – 4” upstream of the target organism(s). Repeat these steps as deemed necessary. Rinse the portion (inside and outside) of the feeder that was placed into aquarium water before placing it into this bottle (if feeding directly from the bottle rather than from a separate container); failure to do so will contaminate the product and encourage it to decompose.
Broadcast Feeding: Add up to 5 ml per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system in an area of rapid water movement daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be increased as desired.
Notes: Add no more than 5 ml total of liquid food suspensions per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased as desired. Starting out at a low dosage and gradually increasing it with time will allow the biological filtration in the aquarium to adjust to the increase in nutrients and prevent water quality from deteriorating.
Planktonic food suspensions (such as this one) are best utilized by target feeding specific invertebrates in an aquarium; in doing so, the majority of the food may be consumed by the intended organisms rather than ending up in filtration media or indirectly impacting water quality (as often occurs when indescriminately “broadcast feeding” by adding liquid food suspensions to a stream of water and allowing the contents to disperse randomly throughout the aquarium system). 

Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.

 

Zooplanktos-M: 500 – 1Kµm Zooplankton Suspension for Fishes, Stony Corals, Clams, and Other Filter-Feeders

 250 ML

Overview

  • Provides zooplankton ranging in size from 500 – 1,000µm (1mm).
  • Ideally-sized for many stony corals, clams, tube worms, larval crustaceans, juvenile fishes, and adult planktivorous and microinvertebrate-predatory fishes.
  • Does not require refrigeration.
  • Supplemented with a proprietary amino acid to aid incoloration of invertebrates and fishes.
  • Formulated by a marine scientist. 

Technical Background

Brightwell Aquatics Zooplanktōs-M is a concentrated suspension of copepods, a group of zooplankton heavily preyed upon by various aquatic organisms because of their size. The specific variety of copepods present in Zooplanktōs-M are extremely rich in amino acids, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and numerous carotenoid pigments, making them of exceptional nutritional value to the organisms that they are consumed by. These copepods fall within the mesoplankton (200.0 – 2,000.0µm) class of plankton. They are the proper size for feeding many species of stony corals (large- and small-polyp), as well as clams and other bivalves, plumed worms (Christmas tree worms, feather dusters, etc.), larval crustaceans and bivalves, juvenile fishes, and the adults of planktivorous fishes (such as anthias, basslets, pseudochromids, dartfishes, chromis, etc.) and microinvertebrate-predators (such as mandarinfishes, some gobies, dwarf wrasses, etc.).
Though Zooplanktōs-M provides a number of amino acids, one that is not naturally present has been added; this proprietary amino acid has been shown in studies to increase coloration of corals and other marine invertebrates. Additionally, a small percentage of vitamin-C is present to increase the benefits of Zooplanktōs-M, particularly to corals and their allies that have recently undergone fragmenting or propagation.
Zooplanktōs-M may be used in conjunction with other planktonic suspensions to provide a complete range of sizes to filter-feeding and planktivorous organisms.
Zooplanktōs-M does not require refrigeration, however storage in a cool, shaded area will prolong the activity of the vitamins. Refrigeration will maximize the shelf-life of the product. 

Instructions and Guidelines

Shake product well before using. Turn protein skimmer and other forms of mechanical filtration off prior to adding food suspensions to aquaria, and allow 10 – 15 minutes after feeding before resuming operation of filtration.
Target Feeding (recommended): Target feeding may be carried out with a lengthy piece of rigid air tubing, plastic syringe, pipette, dropper, or similar device; pour 5 ml (1 capful) into a small container and suck a portion of this into the feeding device, then slowly discharge the contents of the device 2 – 4” upstream of the target organism(s). Repeat these steps as deemed necessary. Rinse the portion (inside and outside) of the feeder that was placed into aquarium water before placing it into this bottle (if feeding directly from the bottle rather than from a separate container); failure to do so will contaminate the product and encourage it to decompose.
Broadcast Feeding: Add up to 5 ml per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system in an area of rapid water movement daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be increased as desired.
Notes: Add no more than 5 ml total of liquid food suspensions per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased as desired. Starting out at a low dosage and gradually increasing it with time will allow the biological filtration in the aquarium to adjust to the increase in nutrients and prevent water quality from deteriorating.
Planktonic food suspensions (such as this one) are best utilized by target feeding specific invertebrates in an aquarium; in doing so, the majority of the food may be consumed by the intended organisms rather than ending up in filtration media or indirectly impacting water quality (as often occurs when indescriminately “broadcast feeding” by adding liquid food suspensions to a stream of water and allowing the contents to disperse randomly throughout the aquarium system).Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.

 Zooplanktos-S: 50 – 300µm Zooplankton Suspension for Fishes, Stony Corals, Clams, and Other Filter-Feeders

 (250ml)

Overview

  • Provides zooplankton and fully-digestible, unhatched eggs ranging in size from 50 – 300µm.
  • Ideally-sized for many stony corals, clams, sponges, tunicates, tube worms, larval crustaceans, juvenile fishes, and adult planktivorous and microinvertebrate-predatory fishes.
  • Formulated to provide over four-thousand prey per ml.
  • Does not require refrigeration.
  • Supplemented with a proprietary amino acid to aid incoloration of invertebrates and fishes.
  • Formulated by a marine scientist. 

Technical Background

Brightwell Aquatics Zooplanktōs-S is a concentrated suspension of phytoplankton-enriched, adult Brachionus sp. (rotifers), their eggs, and the eggs of another group of crustaceans; the result is a food source rich in amino acids, fatty acids including omega-3 HUFAs, vitamins, minerals, and carotenoid pigments giving them a natural, bright yellow appearance. These prey items fall within the microplankton (20.0 – 200.0µm) and mesoplankton (200.0 – 2,000.0µm) classes of plankton. They are the proper size for feeding many species of stony corals (particularly those with short tentacles), as well as clams and other bivalves, sponges, tunicates (sea squirts), plumed worms (Christmas tree worms, feather dusters, etc.), larval crustaceans and bivalves, juvenile fishes, and the adults of planktivorous fishes (such as anthias, basslets, psuedochromids, dartfishes, chromis, etc.) and microinvertebrate-predators (such as mandarinfishes, some gobies, dwarf wrasses, etc.).
Though Zooplanktōs-S provides a number of amino acids, one that is not naturally present has been added; this proprietary amino acid has been shown in studies to increase coloration of corals and other marine invertebrates. Additionally, a small percentage of vitamin-C is present to increase the benefits of Zooplanktōs-S, particularly to corals and their allies that have recently undergone fragmenting or propagation.
Zooplanktōs-S may be used in conjunction with other planktonic suspensions to provide a complete range of sizes to filter-feeding and planktivorous organisms.
Zooplanktōs-S does not require refrigeration, however storage in a cool, shaded area will prolong the activity of the vitamins. Refrigeration will maximize the shelf-life of the product. 

Instructions and Guidelines

Shake product well before using. Turn protein skimmer and other forms of mechanical filtration off prior to adding food suspensions to aquaria, and allow 10 – 15 minutes after feeding before resuming operation of filtration.
Target Feeding (recommended): Target feeding may be carried out with a lengthy piece of rigid air tubing, plastic syringe, pipette, dropper, or similar device; pour 5 ml (1 capful) into a small container and suck a portion of this into the feeding device, then slowly discharge the contents of the device 2 – 4” upstream of the target organism(s). Repeat these steps as deemed necessary. Rinse the portion (inside and outside) of the feeder that was placed into aquarium water before placing it into this bottle (if feeding directly from the bottle rather than from a separate container); failure to do so will contaminate the product and encourage it to decompose.
Broadcast Feeding: Add up to 5 ml per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system in an area of rapid water movement daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be increased as desired.
Notes: Add no more than 5 ml total of liquid food suspensions per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased as desired. Starting out at a low dosage and gradually increasing it with time will allow the biological filtration in the aquarium to adjust to the increase in nutrients and prevent water quality from deteriorating.
Planktonic food suspensions (such as this one) are best utilized by target feeding specific invertebrates in an aquarium; in doing so, the majority of the food may be consumed by the intended organisms rather than ending up in filtration media or indirectly impacting water quality (as often occurs when indescriminately “broadcast feeding” by adding liquid food suspensions to a stream of water and allowing the contents to disperse randomly throughout the aquarium system). Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.

 

Macrovore: Macrodiet for Anemones, LPS Corals and Planktovirus Motile invertebrates and fishes

(125ml)

Overview

  • Suspension of North American marine crustacean roe with a size range of
    ~0.7 – 1.2 mm.
  • Fortified with free-form essential amino acids, vitamins important to immune system
    function, carotenoid-rich oils of marine origin (also rich in omega-3 HUFA), and natural feeding attractants to improve feeding responsiveness in fishes.
  • Rich in natural pigments that have been found to intensify overall coloration.
  • Appropriate for feeding anemones, LPS corals, gorgonians, and solitary and colonial polyps, particularly at night when tentacles are extended to maximize chances of prey-capture.
  • Readily consumed by planktivorous fishes.
  • Suitable for improving coloration of all freshwater species of fish, including Discus. 

Technical Background

A large percentage of ornamental reef organisms prey extensively upon zooplankton visible to the unaided human eye, and also consume particulate organic material (e.g. “parts”) remaining from organisms that have not been wholly consumed by their predators. Rather than rely solely upon pellets and/or flake foods to address these requirements in captivity, the use of natural prey organisms and their parts simplifies the transition into captivity and is an appropriate part of a successful feeding program.
Brightwell Aquatics Macrōvore addresses feeding requirements of motile and sessile organisms that prey upon relatively-large plankton and suspended particulate organic material. The nutritional profile of the specific roe utilized promotes long-term health, growth, and improved (e.g. intensified) coloration in consumers. Macrōvore presents an appropriate range of particle sizes for feeding many species of sea horses, and encourages planktivorous species that are often difficult to acclimate to captivity to begin feeding. The nutritional impact of the roe and marine oils utilized helps decrease overall feeding requirements by delivering greater nutrition per unit dry mass, helping decrease the overall impact of feeding on aquarium water quality.
Macrōvore does not require refrigeration, however storage in a cool, shaded area will prolong the activity of the vitamins. Refrigeration will maximize the shelf-life of Macrōvore. 

Instructions and Guidelines

Shake container well prior to use. Turn protein skimmer and other forms of mechanical filtration off prior to adding Macrōvore, and allow 10 – 15 minutes before resuming operation of filtration.
Target Feeding (anemones and corals): Target feeding may be carried out with a lengthy piece of rigid air tubing, plastic syringe, pipette, dropper, or similar device; suck a portion of Macrōvore into the feeding device, then slowly discharge the contents of the device 2 – 4″ upstream of the target organism(s). Repeat these steps as deemed necessary. Do not place items that have been exposed to aquarium water inside this container without first thoroughly rinsing them (inside and outside) with fresh water; failure to do so will contaminate the product and encourage it to decompose. See ‘Notes’ below regarding maximum recommended feeding amount.
Anemones may be fed whenever they appear to be fully-inflated; feeding anemones small amounts on a daily, rather than weekly, basis replicates natural circumstances and promotes health. Most corals extend their tentacles at night, when the majority of coralivorous and zooplanktivorous fishes are asleep and the abundance of zooplankton in the water column passing over and through the reef is at its greatest. Therefore, the most sensible time to feed Macrōvore to corals is after the main lights in the aquarium have been off (preferably for at least one- to two-hours). CoralAminō may be dosed 5 – 10 minutes before feeding to elicit a feeding response and improve the rate of prey capture.
Broadcast Dispersal (primarily for feeding fishes): Feed as desired/required to meet the nutritional needs of fishes and motile invertebrates housed in the system. A sensible starting point is with up to 2.5 ml per 50 US-gallons of water in the entire aquarium system every other day for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased if desired. Notes: Macrōvore should be considered a type of food; overfeeding may lead to detrioration of water quality through a build-up of nutrients. Beginning with a low dosage and gradually increasing it with time will allow the biological filtration in the aquarium to gradually adjust and helps avoid the afore-mentioned issue.Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption

 

Microvore: Microdiet for Planktivorous Marine Fishes, Corals & other Suspension-Feeding Invertebrates

(250ml)

Overview

  • Suspension of particulate, microencapsulated marine proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates fortified with complex and free-form amino and fatty acids, and vitamins important toimmune system function.
  • Appropriate for feeding many LPS, zooxanthellate, and azooxanthellate soft corals, aswell as gorgonians, anemones, and other solitary and colonial polyps, particularly at night when tentacles are extended to maximize chances of prey-capture.
  • Readily eaten by a multitude of reef-associated fishes known to feed on zooplankton andfood particles drifting in the water column, including anemonefishes, basslets and pseudochromids, anthias, damselfishes and chromis, pygmy angelfishes, cardinalfishes, dartfishes, jawfishes, hawkfishes, wrasse, and many surgeonfishes.
  • Does not require refrigeration. 

Technical Background

As pristine and “clear” as the waters flowing over tropical reefs may appear to the casual observer, closer examination reveals an abundance of zooplankton and suspended particulate organic material that is ever present (though the abundance may change on a temporal basis, particularly at night), and is an extremely important source of food to reef ecosystems, as a whole. These microorganisms and particulates are preyed and fed upon, respectively, by a multitude of fishes and sessile invertebrates regularly seen in the marine aquarium hobby.
Brightwell Aquatics Micrōvore effectively replicates the presence of zooplankton and particulates so natural to reef fishes and suspension-feeding invertebrates such as corals and tube worms. Equally important, Micrōvore is an ideal blend of marine-derived nutrients required for long-term health, growth, and coloration of the reef fishes and invertebrates that feed upon it. Furthermore, it is a useful aid in encouraging zooplanktivorous fishes, such as anthias, to begin eating after addition to aquaria.
Micrōvore does not require refrigeration, however storage in a cool, shaded area will prolong the activity of the vitamins. Refrigeration will maximize the shelf-life of the product. 

Instructions and Guidelines

Shake product well before using. Turn protein skimmer and other forms of mechanical filtration off prior to adding Micrōvore to aquaria, and allow 10 – 15 minutes after use before resuming operation of filtration.
Target Feeding (corals): Target feeding may be carried out with a lengthy piece of rigid air tubing, plastic syringe, pipette, dropper, or similar device; suck a portion of Micrōvore into the feeding device, then slowly discharge the contents of the device 2 – 4” upstream of the target organism(s). Repeat these steps as deemed necessary. Do not place items that have been exposed to aquarium water inside this container without first thoroughly rinsing them (inside and outside) with fresh water; failure to do so will contaminate the product and encourage it to decompose. See ‘Notes’ below regarding maximum recommended feeding amount. Most zooxanthellate corals extend their tentacles at night, when the majority of coralivorous and zooplanktivorous fishes are asleep and the abundance of zooplankton in the water column passing over and through the reef is at its greatest. Therefore, the most sensible time to feed Micrōvore to corals is after all lights in the aquarium have been off (preferably for at least one- to two-hours) and the room is dark. Using a dim flashlight, illuminate the area immediately upstream of the coral to be fed, then feed as directed above.
Broadcast Dispersal (primarily for feeding fishes): Add up to 2.5 ml (½-capful) per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system in an area of rapid water movement every other day for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased if desired. Notes: Micrōvore should be considered a type of food. Add no more than 5 ml total of liquid food suspensions per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased as desired. Starting out at a low dosage and gradually increasing it with time will allow the biological filtration in the aquarium to adjust to the increase in nutrients and prevent water quality from deteriorating.Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.

 

Reef Snow: Replicates Marine Snow for Coral and other Suspension Feeding Marine Invertebrates.

(250ml; 500ml)

Overview

  • Complex of carbonate-bound, non-conservative major, minor, and trace elements in aragonite ratios, as well as marine-derived proteins and lipids in coral tissue ratios.
  • Simultaneously delivers appropriate inorganic and organic nutrients required by stony corals, both zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate soft corals, gorgonians, clams, tube worms, sponges, tunicates, and
    other suspension-feeding invertebrates for growth of both soft tissue and skeletal material.
  • Ideally fed at night when most corals extend their tentacles for prey-capture.
  • Does not require refrigeration.
  • Formulated by a marine scientist. 

Technical Background

Marine snow is a term coined by oceanographers to describe aggregate particulate material (which may or may not be organic) falling towards the sea floor; the material, itself, is largely composed of the remnants of deceased zooplankton and large phytoplankton. These organic particles typically become colonized by various microorganisms (primarily bacteria and protozoans) during their descent towards the sea floor; the decomposition of the organic material by the microorganism “colony” on each particle recycles the nutrients locked up within it. The constant descent of these particles through the water column has the appearance of snow fall, hence the name “marine snow”. While marine snow is primarily associated with productive regions of the open ocean rather than tropical coral reefs, the concept (with some improvements adressing the requirements of reef-building organisms) may be applied to reef aquaria as a means of simultaneously delivering organic and inorganic nutrients to corals and other suspension-feeding invertebrates.
Brightwell Aquatics Reef Snow effectively replicates the concept of marine snow by combining a “core substrate” of carbonate-bound, non-conservative major, minor, and trace elements (all in aragonite ratios) with marine-derived proteins and fatty acids (all in coral tissue ratios). It does not contain any sugars or their derivatives. Reef Snow delivers both organic and inorganic nutrients to corals and their allies, clams, tube worms, and other suspension-feeding marine invertebrates; it may be of particular benefit to the hobbyist wishing to maintain azooxanthellate soft corals in deep-water biotope aquaria. The collective benefits of providing these nutrients in the same “package” are increased growth rates of both soft tissue and skeletal material.
Reef Snow does not require refrigeration, however storage in a cool, shaded area will prolong the shelf-life. Refrigeration will maximize the shelf-life of the product.
 

Instructions and Guidelines

Shake product well before using. Turn protein skimmer and other forms of mechanical filtration off prior to adding Reef Snow to aquaria, and allow 10 – 15 minutes after use before resuming operation of filtration. Most zooxanthellate corals extend their tentacles at night, when the majority of coralivorous and zooplanktivorous fishes are asleep and the abundance of zooplankton in the water column passing over and through the reef is at its greatest. Therefore, the most sensible time to feed Reef Snow to corals is after all lights in the aquarium have been off (preferably for at least one- to two-hours) and the room is dark. Using a dim flashlight, illuminate the area immediately upstream of the coral to be fed, then feed as directed below. Slight cloudiness of the aquarium water accompanying dosage of Reef Snow is a result of the inorganic active components entering solution and will dissipate rapidly.
Target Feeding (recommended): Target feeding may be carried out with a lengthy piece of rigid air tubing, plastic syringe, pipette, dropper, or similar device; suck a portion of Reef Snow into the feeding device, then slowly discharge the contents of the device 2 – 4” upstream of the target organism(s). Repeat these steps as deemed necessary. Do not place items that have been exposed to aquarium water inside this container without first thoroughly rinsing them (inside and outside) with fresh water; failure to do so will contaminate the product and encourage it to decompose. See ‘Notes’ below regarding maximum recommended feeding amount.
Broadcast Dispersal: Add up to 2.5 ml (½-capful) per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system in an area of rapid water movement every other day for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased if desired.
Notes: Reef Snow should be considered a type of food. Add no more than 5 ml total of liquid food suspensions per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased as desired. Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.

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