Fish and Coral Nutrition

Fish & Coral Nutrition Products in Store: (See in depth descriptions of products, with instructions, below)

Coral Amino

Restor

Garlic Power

AngeLixir

VitamarinC

Vitamarin M

Coral Amino: Free-form Coral Amino Complex for all Corals and their allies (125ml)

Overview

  • Complex of free-form amino acids in the same ratios found within tissues of stony corals.
  • Beneficial to all corals (stony and soft), as well as solitary and colonial polyps.
  • Free-form amino acids:
    1. Provide the building blocks of coral tissue in ideal ratios to encourage the formation of new tissue.
    2. Encourage new tissue growth to repair damage incurred during fragmentation and propagation.
    3. Encourage growth by budding and fission.
    4. Encourage vibrant coloration.
  • Formulated based on data compiled by oceanographers researching coral tissue profiles.
  • Does not require refrigeration.

 Technical Background

Brightwell Aquatics CoralAminō is a complex that closely approximates ratios of amino acids present in many species of stony corals; the formulation is based upon extensive research conducted on tropical coral reefs by oceanographic researchers. While the ratios of amino acids present in coral tissue vary between species, general ratios are approximately maintained, enabling an effective average to be created that will benefit not only stony corals, but also soft corals, solitary, and colonial polyps (e.g. Xenia, Anthelia, Zoanthus, Discoma, Actinodiscus, etc.). The amino acids are present in their most elementary form (”free-form”) rather than being accounted for by their presence in a food or complex nutrient; in this fashion, they are readily available to corals and their allies. The main benefit of this quality is the ease in which corals can assimilate the amino acids into their tissue for the purpose of growth and tissue repair. Secondary benefits of some amino acids are their role in enhancing the coloration of corals.
Corals maintained under optimal chemical and environmental conditions are able to reproduce (both sexually and asexually) more rapidly when the required nutrients are available. The presence of these free-form amino acids is particularly important to corals that have undergone, or will undergo, fragmenting or other means of propagation in which some amount of tissue is damaged. 

Instructions and Guidelines

Shake product well before using. Turn protein skimmer and other forms of mechanical filtration off prior to adding CoralAminō to aquaria, and allow 10 – 15 minutes after use before resuming operation of filtration.
Target Feeding (recommended): Pour 1 ml (~20 drops) into a small container and suck a portion into feeding device, then slowly discharge contents 2 – 4” upstream of target organism(s). Repeat these steps as deemed necessary. Do not place the glass dropper directly into aquarium water unless you plan to thoroughly rinse it (inside and outside) with fresh water before placing dropper back into bottle; failure to do so will contaminate the product and encourage it to decompose.
Broadcast Feeding: Add up to 1 ml per 50 gallons of water in an area of rapid water movement daily for the first four weeks of use.
Notes: Research indicates that amino acid uptake in corals takes place externally rather than internally; therefore, soaking foods in CoralAminō would be of little use. Rather, it is best utilized by target feeding specific corals and their allies; in doing so, the majority of the amino acids reach the intended organisms rather than ending up in filtration media or indirectly impacting water quality (as often occurs when indiscriminately “broadcast feeding”).
Add no more than 5 ml total of liquid food suspensions per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased as desired.

Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.

Restor: 250ml; 500ml

Advanced Coral Tissue Supplement for all Corals and their allies

Overview

  • Encourages health, growth, reproduction, and vibrant coloration.
  • Provides important nutrients to corals and their allies during periods of stress induced
    by changes in lighting and/or prolonged exposure to excessive water temperature (often
    resulting in “bleaching”).
  • Aids in tissue repair after corals have undergone fragmenting and captive propagation.
  • Does not require refrigeration.
  • Formulated by a marine scientist.

Technical Background

Brightwell Aquatics Restōr is a complex of amino acids and fatty acids derived from marine fishes and crustaceans; it is a strong source of EPA, DHA, and other omega-3 fatty acids, as well as naturally-occuring pigments. Restōr was specifically formulated for the care of corals and their allies that: have been recently placed into a new aquarium and are adjusting to new lighting; have recently been exposed to prolonged elevated temperatures (inducing expulsion of symbiotic zooxanthellae, known as “bleaching”); have suffered tissue damage either through fragmenting or propagation, or through the unwanted grazing activities of aquarium inhabitants. Research has shown that during bleaching events, some corals obtain the majority of their nutrients through capture of prey rather than by relying on zooxanthellae, until such time as the zooxanthellae have become adjusted to the change in lighting or re-established in the coral tissue. While the contents of Restōr will not directly reverse coral bleaching, they will effectively provide nutrients required by the coral to potentially survive the period of time during which zooxanthellae are recovering or being reacquired; no express claims are made that corals who have suffered bleaching will recover when using this product, however it has generally been observed that corals obtaining the required nutrition (by actively feeding) during such an event have a higher rate of recovery. Using Restōr to fortify plankton of the proper size range for the target organism(s) is an extremely effective means of providing those important substances.
Restōr does not require refrigeration, however storage in a cool, shaded area will prolong the activity of the vitamins. Refrigeration will maximize the shelf-life of the product.

Instructions and Guidelines

Shake product well before using. Turn protein skimmer and other forms of mechanical filtration off prior to adding foods fortified with Restōr to aquaria, and allow 10 – 15 minutes after feeding before resuming operation of filtration.
Target Feeding (recommended): Target feeding may be carried out with a lengthy piece of rigid air tubing, plastic syringe, pipette, dropper, or similar device; pour 5 ml (1 capful) into a small container and suck a portion of this into the feeding device, then slowly discharge the contents of the device 2 – 4” upstream of the target organism(s). Repeat these steps as deemed necessary. Rinse the portion (inside and outside) of the feeder that was placed into aquarium water before placing it into this bottle (if feeding directly from the bottle rather than from a separate container); failure to do so will contaminate the product and encourage it to decompose. Restōr may be utilized as a food-soak; to do so, place food into a clean container, add up to 5 ml of Restōr and allow 5 – 10 minutes for food to soak; target feed as directed.
Broadcast Dispersal: Add up to 5 ml per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system in an area of rapid water movement every two to three days for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be increased as desired.
Notes: Add no more than 5 ml total of liquid food suspensions per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased as desired. Starting out at a low dosage and gradually increasing it with time will allow the biological filtration in the aquarium to adjust to the increase in nutrients and prevent water quality from deteriorating. This product is best utilized by target feeding specific invertebrates in an aquarium; in doing so, the majority of the complex may be consumed by the intended organisms rather than ending up in filtration media or indirectly impacting water quality (as often occurs when indescriminately “broadcast feeding”).

Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.

Garlic Power: Garlic Concentrate for all Marine Fish & Reef Aquariua (30ml; 60ml)

Overview

  • Delivers the nutritional benefits of raw garlic to fishes primarily by being applied to their food.
  • Consists solely of preserved extract of raw garlic with a small amount of vitamin-C as a preservative.
  • Does not require refrigeration.
  • Formulated by a marine scientist. 

Technical Background

Brightwell Aquatics Garlic Power consists solely of the preserved extract of raw garlic. Garlic has long been believed by many to have medicinal properties, and clinical research is beginning to support some of the claims that have been made by garlic’s supporters. It was once thought that the active component in garlic was a compound called Allicin, which is formed by the combination of the amino acid Alliin with the enzyme Alliinase that occurs when the garlic is damaged (i.e. cut, processed, bitten, etc.). Research has shown that allicin is unstable and has a very short life, beginning to degrade immediately after formation (a process sped up by exposure to heat; conversely, refrigeration prolongs the life of allicin, though not likely enough to ensure its presence in a garlic extract product); the result of this degradation is a number of compounds called Diallyl Sulphides. These compounds also exhibit beneficial properties, and though not as effective as allicin, their use in medical treatments, and the exact nature of the benefits provided, are the subject of ongoing research.

In aquaria, the use of garlic is often associated with improving the health of fishes, particularly in systems experiencing difficulty with parasites. As noted on the opposite panel, this product is not intended for use as a medication. Garlic has also been shown to motivate newly-added and/or finicky fishes to feed; this is accomplished by soaking food in a small amount of garlic extract for several minutes and then feeding, and the results are often very gratifying. Note that while garlic may increase the palatability of foods, this approach should not be thought of as a means to circumvent avoiding the purchase of fish species known to have poor survival records in captivity due to their dietary requirements (i.e. various species of coralivorous butterflyfishes, spongivorous angelfishes, etc.). Always research the dietary and environmental needs of fishes before purchasing and introducing them into an aquarium. 

Instructions and Guidelines

To fortify prepared food (recommended): Shake product well before using. Place food in a clean container such as a small bowl or cup and add only enough Garlic Power to saturate. Allow at least 5 minutes to elapse before feeding, enabling adequate time for the product to become thoroughly absorbed by the food. Liquid food suspensions may be fortified by adding 1.0 ml (approximately 8 drops) Garlic Power per 10 ml of food suspension; stir to mix and allow 5 minutes to elapse before feeding. Maximum benefit of any liquid food suspension is achieved when the food is target-fed to the intended organisms rather than poured into a stream of water and allowed to disperse randomly throughout the aquarium. Over a period of several months, the dosage may be increased by 50% if so desired as long as water quality is monitored and maintained to within the required ranges. Observe water quality carefully at all times, making adjustments as needed.

If adding directly to aquarium: Shake product well before using. Add 5 ml (1 capful) of product per 50 US-gallons of aquarium water every other day, or add ½ that dosage daily. When used in this fashion, 125 ml treats up to 1,250 US-gallons (4,732 L). Observe water quality carefully at all times, making adjustments as needed.
No medicinal claims are made for Garlic Power, however fishes showing signs of ectoparasites may benefit from the addition of garlic to their diet. If ectoparasites are present, Garlic Power may be added to food as recommended and dosed directly into aquarium at ½ the recommended dosage. It is generally recommended that Garlic Power be utilized either as a means of fortifying prepared food or to provide benefit by direct addition to the water, but not both except as noted above.

 Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.
AngeLixir: 125ml

Food Soak for Spongivorous Marine Angelfishes, Butterfly Fishes, and Moorish Idols

Overview

  • Complex of free-form amino acids in the same ratios found within tissues of sponges.
  • Utilizes natural attractants and marine-derived proteins to improve feeding response and increase protein percentage of fish foods, respectively.
  • Beneficial to all fishes whose diets are in large part composed of sponges, includingangelfishes, butterflyfishes, Moorish Idols, and their respective allies.
  • Free-form amino acids:
    1. Encourage vibrant coloration.
    2. Provide the building blocks of protein to encourage the formation of new tissue
    3. Encourage new tissue growth to aid in recovery from wounds incurred during aggressive encounters with tankmates or during spawning periods.
  • Formulated based upon sponge tissue analysis and marine finfish culture.

Technical Background

When placing a fish into an unfamiliar aquarium environment, the first 7 – 10 days can be a critical period: depending on the method of capture and time in transit, and perhaps most importantly the feeding requirements of the species in question, some fish may refuse to eat for several days, during which time their energy reserves are depleted and chances of contracting illness are increased. It is therefore of vital importance to get the fish eating an appropriate food as soon as possible. Some species are more problematic in this regard than others; within the former group, various species of angelfishes, butterflyfishes, and the Moorish Idol are of particular note. AngeLixir improves feeding response and provides important amino acids in sponge tissue ratios, as well as providing marine proteins to increase the protein concentration in foods (particularly beneficial to fish that have lost body mass). AngeLixir is not meant to be a substitute for proper husbandry, or for making ethical decisions regarding the feasibility of maintaining spongivorous species in captivity; it is, however, an effective means of improving food palatability and nutrition, and increasing the chances of all fish species’ acceptance of unfamiliar foods.

Instructions and Guidelines

AngeLixir is readily absorbed by natural and prepared foods. Shake inner bottle well before each use.
To fortify natural frozen foods: Rinse food in a fine-mesh net under running cold tap water until the food has thawed and the solution in which the food was frozen has been discarded. Then, squeeze as much of the excess liquid from the food as possible. Place food in a clean container, such as a small bowl or cup, and add only enough AngeLixir to saturate. Feed after 5 minutes have elapsed. Repeat three – five times daily to ensure that fish are receiving adequate food.
To fortify freeze-dried and prepared foods (e.g. pellets): Place food in a clean container such as a small bowl or cup and add only enough AngeLixir to saturate. Feed after 5 minutes have elapsed. Repeat three – five times daily to ensure that fish are receiving adequate food.
It has been our experience that natural foods, such as krill, mysis, and brine shrimp (thoroughly rinsed if frozen) are generally more readily accepted by newly introduced fishes than are most prepared foods, presumably due to familiar chemical and visual cues associated with natural prey items (as opposed to the relative unfamiliarity of prepared foods). If a fish has spent sufficient time in a retailer’s system to become acclimated to feeding on specific types of foods, it is wise to purchase and feed the same foods to increase the chances that the fish will begin eating shortly after introduction to its’ new surroundings. AngeLixir may be used to enhance the nutritional value of, and feeding response to, these foods.
Observe water quality at all times, compensating for the increase in dissolved organic material entering the system with each feeding as necessary.
Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.

Vitamarin-C:Concentrated Vitamin C Supplement for all Marine Fish and Reef Aquaria. (250ml)

    Overview

  • Highly-concentrated vitamin-C solution.
  • Buffered; will not impact pH when used as directed.
  • Stronger than competing products.
  • Vitamin-C is associated with improved tissue growth and with aiding the immune system.
  • Intended to provide benefits to all aquarium inhabitants.
  • Well-suited to use in coral propagation.
  • Requires no refrigeration.
  • Composed of purified water and ultra-high purity ingredients.
  • Formulated by a marine scientist. 

Technical Background

The benefits of vitamin-C to aquatic organisms are largely related to improved tissue growth, particularly after recently-sustained injury or illness. Corals and their allies, in particular, have been observed to benefit tremendously from regular controlled dosage of vitamin-C by increasing their rate of soft tissue growth; this aspect is of particular interest to hobbyists and researchers involved with coral propagation, in which coral tissue is damaged during the process of splitting colonies and/or individual polyps. Grow-out systems regularly dosed with vitamin-C also tend to have improved growth rates when compared to control systems with identical environmental conditions. These benefits are believed to be a result of the positive impact that vitamin-C has on the immune system; this benefit translates to fishes as well as to the remainder of invertebrates maintained in marine aquaria.
Vitamins are compounds required in minute concentrations for vital metabolic reactions; the amounts of vitamins required for a given species varies. Short-term vitamin deficiencies can typically be tolerated by most organisms, however long-term deficiencies tend to result in abnormalities, poor health, and eventually even death of the specimen. Conversely, if severely overdosed, ingested vitamins can have a negative impact on a specimen by way of toxicity, though the impact is unlikely to be permanent. Decreasing the vitamin dosage typically results in full recovery of the affected specimen. For these reasons, it is recommended that Vītamarin-C be utilized either as a means of delivering vitamins to aquarium inhabitants through food or by direct addition to the water, but not both except as noted on opposite panel when using with organisms that have sustained tissue damage.
Vītamarin-C does not require refrigeration, however storage in a cool, shaded area will prolong the activity of the vitamins. Refrigeration will maximize the shelf-life of the product. 

Instructions and Guidelines

If using to fortify food (recommended): Place food in a clean container such as a small bowl or cup and add only enough Vītamarin-C to saturate. Allow at least 5 minutes to elapse before feeding, enabling adequate time for the vitamins to become thoroughly absorbed by the food. Liquid food suspensions may be fortified by adding 1 ml (approximately 8 drops) Vītamarin-C per 10 ml of food suspension; stir to mix and allow 5 minutes to elapse before feeding. Maximum benefit of any liquid food suspension is achieved when the food is target-fed to the intended organisms rather than poured into a stream of water and allowed to disperse randomly throughout the aquarium.
If adding directly to aquarium water: Begin by adding 2 ml (approximately 16 drops) of Vītamarin-C per 20 US-gallons of water weekly for the first four weeks of use; this corresponds to adding approximately 2 drops per 20 US-gallons each day. Then, gradually increase the weekly dosage to 4 ml per 20 US-gallons over the following four weeks and maintain this dosage. [Note: if using Vītamarin-C in conjunction with Brightwell Aquatics Vītamarin-M, decrease dosages by 50%.] Starting at a low dosage will not cause any harm to the livestock, and will enable you to notice subtle changes in the appearance of the system that indicate the effectiveness and need for the product.
Note that doubling the dosage of Vītamarin-C is acceptable when fortifying food meant for organisms appearing to be in poor health, including fishes and invertebrates. Maintain the increased dosage only as long as is deemed necessary, and observe water quality carefully at all times, making adjustments as needed. No medicinal claims are made for Vītamarin-C, however vitamin-C has been consistently observed to have a positive impact on immune systems, in general. 

Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.

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